Nowadays every home has the air conditioner and all the air conditioner together sucks up the 1/6th of our country’s electricity. And according to the US Department of energy, from the heating and cooling system emits half a billion tons of Carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and causes global warming. The carbon dioxide also generates sulfur dioxide which in turn causes acid rain. You have another option to cool your home by some techniques which don’t require any expensive professional installations. In this article, you would know about some of the low-cost pocket-friendly ways to cool off your home.

Block the heat:

The most efficient way to block the heat is to provide insulation, protective shields and reflective barriers and shading.
• Insulation:
If you put insulation, caulks and weather strip your home; it will keep your home warm in cool weather and cool your home in extremely hot weather. The attic of the house normally absorbs the heat. Insulating the attic floor would stop the heat from radiating down. Fiberglass insulation is very easy to install.
• Reflective barrier:
Color your home in a very light shade. Because the darker shades absorb total 70-80% of the total heat which will lead your house to gain heat. Any light color always reflects the maximum heat.
• Shading:
This is the simplest and equally effective way to cool your house. You can do it by various methods like-
1. Landscaping: You can plant many trees, vines, shrubs and herbs to shade your home. The US Department of Energy has estimated that just by planting three trees around your home, you can save a total of $100-$120 per year. You can plant the trees strategically to the west and south of your home. Vines should be planted on the hottest side of your house but you should block it out at least 6 inches from your wall to protect it. The vines will cool off the air. Shrubs can protect the lower portion of your home by blocking the sunlight.
2. Drapes: You can decorate your home with light shaded drapes and curtains as the light color would reflect most of the sunlight. Two layered drapes are most efficient for cooling the home. Close the south and west facing windows during the day to avoid the direct sunlight.
3. Shade screen: Installing exterior shade screen would prevent the sun from entering the house. Shade screens block almost 90% of the sunlight. You can also use a wet cloth to shield the window which will provide a cooling effect. Hang your wet clothes from the window frame after washing it; your house will be cool.

Remove the interior heat:

• Thermal siphoning:
Open the lowest windows of your house to let the breeze come inside. Then open the interior doors and upside windows of the opposite side of the house. The warm air would blow upward and would be out by the upside windows.
• Coolvent:
To ventilate the attic of your house more effectively, coolvent can be installed along the ridge of your roof. Coolvent is a continuous ventilation system which is very lightweight and durable. It will also keep your house safe from the wind drove rain and bugs.
• Roof Vent:
Ventilate your attic to reduce the heat accumulated in your house. Roof vents are pocket-friendly and easy to install.
• Ceiling Fans:
Ceiling fans are an efficient alternative to the cooling system as it uses up very little energy. It would save 30% of your yearly air conditioning cost and energy consumption.
• Programmable thermostats:
Keeping a programmable thermostat at your home would save your electricity bill back to 10% to 15% if turn it on for 8 hours a day.

Reduce the heat source:

• Switch to the energy efficient LED bulbs which give 90% less energy while using 70% less power. Although it is a little expensive, but it will save your money by reducing the bill,
• Don’t place the lamps or TV near your AC thermostat. Because placing these particular gadgets would cause the AC to run longer.
• Try to cook with the microwave which generates almost no heat.
• Reduce the source of humidity by using exhaust fans.
• You can turn the hot water pump in summer.